About the Parks

Our parks are evolving from being "Viewing" parks to "Learning" parks; leisure attractions providing an experiential learning experience for visitors as they learn more about animals, birds, plants and the environment through sight and sounds, and to gain awareness on the need for conservation of wildlife.

Jurong Bird Park - Where Colour Lives

Opened in 1971, Jurong Bird Park is Singapore’s first wildlife park and Asia’s largest bird park, offering a 20.2-hectare hillside haven for more than 5,000 birds across 400 species, of which 15% are threatened. The park aims to enhance visitors’ understanding and appreciation of the colourful avian world through naturalistic exhibits, interactive feeding sessions and world-class bird shows.

Jurong Bird Park is home to four large free-flight aviaries which mirror the natural habitats of birds from all over the world. The iconic Waterfall Aviary is the park’s largest walk-in aviary that houses over 600 birds as well as a 30-metre high waterfall.

Visitors can go down under to Lory Loft, the biggest lory flight aviary featuring nine colourful lory species. This exhibit is popular among visitors who get to experience an up-close feeding frenzy as they walk across suspended bridges with the birds eating out of their hands.

Other attractions include Penguin Coast, home to nearly 100 penguins across five species, and Pelican Cove which houses the world’s most comprehensive collection of pelicans.

In addition to immersive exhibits, animal presentations such as the Kings of the Skies and High Flyers shows, which highlight the birds’ beauty, agility and intelligence, are wildly popular amongst visitors.

Star Attractions and Unique Exhibits

  • The iconic Waterfall Aviary is the park’s largest walk-in aviary with over 600 free-flying birds from 50 species, including the endangered sun conures, common crowned pigeons and Von der Decken’s hornbills. This aviary houses a 30-metre high waterfall which is the world’s first and tallest man-made waterfall. Today, it is the tallest waterfall inside an aviary. Visitors can expect close encounters with these birds during daily feeding sessions.
  • With a collection of over 500 birds representing 135 species, the revamped Wings of Asia aviary houses the largest diversity of birds in the park. It is home to one of the world’s most comprehensive and admired collections of Asian birds, including 24 threatened species such as the Bali mynah, Luzon bleeding-heart dove and black-winged starling. These species have been successfully hatched and raised as part of the park’s ongoing conservation breeding programmes.
  • The Lory Loft is the biggest lory flight aviary at 3,000 square metre and nine-storeys high. Featuring nine colourful lory species, this exhibit is themed after the Australian outback and is popular among visitors who get to feed lories and lorikeets with a cup of nectar mix while walking across suspended bridges.
  • Penguin Coast, home to 100 penguins across five species is divided into indoor and outdoor exhibits. The indoor, climate-controlled exhibit is home to the Humboldt, rockhopper, macaroni and the majestic king penguin. Visitors can observe these birds as they torpedo through the water and jump up from the water onto the ice. The outdoor exhibit houses the endangered African penguins, otherwise known as jackass penguins, one of the few species that has adapted to the tropics.
  • Pelican Cove features the world’s most complete collection of pelicans with seven out of eight species. The collection includes the Dalmatian pelican, the largest species weighing up to 15kg. Visitors can catch the huge birds in action as they make their dramatic underwater swoops for fish at the world's first underwater viewing gallery for pelicans.
  • The Breeding & Research Centre provides a behind-the-scenes look at the growth process of birds from incubation to weaning. The centre was incepted in 1988 but was officially opened for walk-in public viewing in 2012. By showcasing the work of avian keepers, it is hoped that visitors will walk away with a deeper appreciation of avian wildlife and the park’s conservation efforts.

Conservation & Education
Committed towards conservation, Jurong Bird Park has successfully bred threatened species such as the Bali mynah, blue-throated macaw and other significant species such as the black palm cockatoo, hyacinth macaw, red-fronted macaw and the red-tailed black cockatoo.

The bird park is the first in the world to breed the twelve-wired bird of paradise in captivity and received the Breeders ’ Award from the American Pheasant and Waterfowl Society in 2001.

Jurong Bird Park has experienced considerable success in breeding hornbills and recorded the world's first successful hatching of the black hornbill and great Indian hornbill. Since 2005, the park has been involved in the Singapore Hornbill Project which has resulted in an increase in the population of oriental pied hornbills in Singapore and enhanced understanding on the nesting and breeding behaviors of these birds. In 2013, Jurong Bird Park achieved another global first with three wild oriental pied hornbill eggs successfully incubated at hatched at the Breeding & Research Centre.

The park has been successful in breeding the critically endangered Bali mynah since 1990, and is working with the Begawan Foundation in Indonesia to enhance the wild population of this species. In 2011, three Bali mynahs bred at Jurong Bird Park were sent to Bali to increase the gene pool and boost the population of these birds.

In-park, the Bird Discovery Centre provides a ‘living classroom’ for visitors to learn about the avian world, from the life stages of a bird to exploring how birds command mastery of the sky. The park hosts a variety of educational programmes for students. These comprise of day trips, overnight camps, behind-the-scenes tours, workshops and wildlife publications.

Jurong Bird Park is the only park with an Avian Hospital in the Asia Pacific region.

Night Safari - The World's First

Opened in 1994, Night Safari is the world’s first safari park for nocturnal animals. It spans 35 hectares of secondary forest and is home to over 2,500 animals of over 130 species, of which 38% are threatened.

Night Safari, a 12-time winner of the Best Attraction category awarded by Singapore Tourism Board, receives over 1.1 million visitors annually, luring visitors with its world class service quality, product offerings and physical surroundings.

A large part of the park is designed to bring visitors on a 40-minute tram ride through seven geographic regions, from the Himalayan foothills to the jungles of Southeast Asia. Through live commentary on tram, the park hopes to educate visitors on the importance of wildlife conservation.

Four interlinked walking trails offer close encounters with threatened and endangered species such as the pangolin and clouded leopard. Other attractions include the Creatures of the Night Show which showcases the predatory and survival instincts of nocturnal animals, as well as fire eating performances by Thumbuakar tribal dancers.

Night Safari’s iconic animal is Asian bull elephant Chawang, who has sired four calves thus far. Through successful breeding programmes like these, the park hopes to continue contributing to the overall global population of Asian elephants. Visitors will be able to view the majestic tusker via tram.

Captive breeding of threatened species is one of Night Safari’s focus areas, in line with its mission to promote biodiversity. Over the last few years, it has bred Malayan tigers, Asian elephants, fishing cats, red dholes, clouded leopards, anoas, markhors, bantengs, Malayan tapirs and Asian lions, among other threatened species.

Experiential Dining
A visitor’s experience at Night Safari extends to experiential dining as well. Bongo Burgers restaurant offers al fresco dining and performances from tribal dancers from the tropical rainforest, who perform fire-eating and blowpipe demonstrations just a few metres away.

In addition, visitors can dine at Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant. Opened in November 2006, the 600- seater restaurant evokes a kampong (traditional village) feel among diners and offers both al fresco or indoor dining, buffet or a la carte.

The park’s award-winning Gourmet Safari Express, in which visitors dine onboard a tram traversing Night Safari, is a Gold Award winner in the prestigious International Festivals and Events World Forum (IFEA) Pinnacles Awards 2001.

River Safari - Asia's First and Only River-Themed Wildlife Park

River Safari is Asia’s first and only river-themed wildlife park, and is the latest addition to Wildlife Reserves Singapore’s portfolio of award-winning parks. Occupying 12 hectares, it houses one of the world’s largest collections of freshwater animals. The park is home to 400 plant species and over 6000 animal specimens representing 200 species, of which 40 are threatened.

River Safari is designed to profile freshwater habitats from iconic rivers of the world such as the Amazon River, Mekong River and River Nile. Visitors will discover the unique aquatic and terrestrial animals from iconic river habitats as well as the cultures surrounding these rivers. Visitors can stroll along freshwater aquariums, enter walk-through exhibits and embark on boat rides to learn about the fascinating flora and fauna of river habitats. 85% of the park’s animal collection can be viewed on foot while the rest is seen on the Amazon River Quest boat ride.

Animal attractions in the park include river giants and megafishes such as the giant river otter, giant salamander, giant freshwater stingray and the critically endangered Mekong giant catfish, all housed in thematic exhibits representing each river zone. River Safari is also home to a pair of giant pandas that resides in a climate-controlled exhibit along the Yangtze River zone.

Visitors can enjoy an immersive experience into the world of rivers and the wildlife they support, and appreciate the importance of freshwater ecosystem conservation.

Star Attractions and Unique Exhibits

  • The park offers close encounters with fascinating river inhabitants, some of which include river giants and megafishes such as
    • Giant river otter – world's largest otter; up to 1.8m in length and 34kg in weight
    • Chinese giant salamander – world’s largest amphibian; up to 1.8m in length
    • Mekong giant catfish – one of the world’s largest freshwater fish; up to 3m in length and 295kg in weight
    • Giant freshwater stingray – believed to be the world’s largest and heaviest freshwater fish; up to 5m in length and 600 kg in weight
    • Arapaima – world’s largest scaled freshwater fish; up to 2.75m in length and 200kg in weight
    • Alligator gar – up to 3m in length and 140kg in weight
  • The Amazon Flooded Forest houses the world’s largest freshwater aquarium with a volume of 2,000m³. It has the world’s largest viewing panel for a freshwater aquarium measuring 22 metres (L) by 4 metres (H), providing visitors with an immersive Amazonian underwater forest experience. Over 18 animal species, including the manatee and arapaima, are featured in this aquatic display
  • River Safari is the only park in Asia to display the giant river otter – the world’s largest otter – housed in the Amazon River zone. The park is also one of only three institutes outside the Amazon to display the red howler monkey.
  • The 1,500m2 Giant Panda Forest at the Yangtze River zone is home to a pair of giant pandas, red pandas and golden pheasants. Built at a cost of S$8.6 million, the exhibit simulates the bears’ natural habitat with lush plants, boulders and water features. The temperature is kept between 18-22 degrees Celsius year-round to ensure the pandas’ comfort.
  • The Amazon River Quest, a 10-minute boat ride which meanders through a 483m man-made river, brings visitors up-close to nearly 30 animal species that live along the edges of the Amazon River including the jaguar, Brazilian tapir, capybara and giant anteater.

Education and Conservation
In recent years, habitat loss and degradation, water extraction, over-exploitation and pollution threaten the planet’s freshwater ecosystems and their associated biological resources. Biodiversity in freshwater habitats is disappearing at a faster rate than marine and forest environments. By bringing visitors up-close to the fascinating underwater and terrestrial animals that live in such ecosystems, River Safari aims to highlight the importance of freshwater ecosystems and inspire positive actions for conserving them.

River Safari will play an important role in global captive breeding programmes, ensuring the long-term survival of threatened species such as the manatee and the giant river otter. Through captive breeding programmes, the park hopes to contribute to the population of endangered freshwater species. The park is also planning research initiatives, such as a tagging and tracking project for giant freshwater stingrays in Thailand, to contribute to the conservation of endangered animal species in their native habitat.

A dynamic range of interactive in-park activities such as enrichment programmes, interdisciplinary trails and workshops that enliven the learning experience for both teachers and students will soon be available at River Safari. Set within River Safari, these immersive programmes engage the senses and are filled with various hands-on activities to make learning an enthralling journey.

Conceptualisation and Design
The idea of a River Safari started out as a simple aquarium exhibit; it was thought that a freshwater aquarium with an extensive collection of fish and flora would complement the offerings of the Singapore Zoo and Night Safari, at the same time, highlight the pristine, freshwater surroundings of Upper Seletar Reservoir.

The idea of the Amazon Flooded Forest was then developed – a place that would give visitors a breathtaking view of the underwater forest and its wildlife inhabitants. As a result of extensive research and various study trips to aquariums all over the world, the idea grew to include other iconic rivers of the world, and eventually evolved into River Safari, with the inclusion of a boat rides and greater emphasis on river eco-systems and cultures.

The park is designed to recreate the sights and sounds of each river zone from exhibit design to the represented animal collection to help visitors learn about the cultures and wildlife, and to inspire them to contribute to conservation efforts.

Green Construction
River Safari is the first attraction in Singapore conferred with the Building and Construction Authority’s (BCA) Green Mark Platinum Award in the Park category.

The park is designed and developed with utmost concern for the environment, particularly the Mandai Nature Reserve area where it is situated. River Safari brings together the best in zoological architecture and design, with state-of-the-art exhibit artistry and technology. Every exhibit design surpasses standards set by the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

As the park is situated by the Seletar Reservoir, one of Singapore’s water catchment areas, architects and engineers had to take care to avoid any potential disruption to water supply. Control measures were put in place to ensure minimal soil erosion and to manage steep terrains.

At the same time, mitigating measures were required to minimise disruption to existing habitats around the area. The welfare of existing inhabitants in the area was of utmost priority. Green corridors for such wild animals were created and maintained.

Part of the many engineering features was the construction of bioswales, which are landscape drainways integrated into urban landscape design. They are designed to collect rainwater runoff from roofs and footpaths. Impurities in the rainwater are removed when it passes through plants and soil. Bioswales provide clean homes for native animals such as frogs, dragonflies and other aquatic animals.


  • House of Kai Kai and Jia Jia: Located outside the Giant Panda Forest, this bamboo-themed shop houses exclusive Kai Kai and Jia Jia plush toys, t-shirts, mugs and other panda merchandise. The shop opens daily from 9.00am to 5.30pm.
  • River Safari Shop: Located at the Entrance Plaza of River Safari, this retail store is themed after the Amazon Flooded Forest, with interiors that replicate the underwater forest filled with submerged giant tree roots and vegetation. Visitors will find plenty of eye-catching mementoes to remind them of their visit like t-shirts, plush toys, exclusive animal crafts, and more. The shop opens daily from 9.00am to 7.00pm.


  • Mama Panda Kitchen: Located outside the Giant Panda Forest, this eatery features Szechuan-inspired cuisine such as Bamboo Rice, Prawn Dumplings and panda-shaped buns or ‘paos’. Mama Panda Kitchen opens daily from 9.30am to 6.00pm.
    Special features:
    • Kids dining area with panda-themed chairs and tables
    • Private dining area with a view of the Giant Panda Forest (e-mail [email protected] or call 6360 8560 for reservations)
  • River Safari Tea House: Located at the Entrance Plaza, this restaurant features tantalising cuisines from the various Chinese dialect groups in Singapore. Visitors can savour over 60 dishes including Hainanese Chicken Rice and Fried Hokkien Noodle, all set in a quaint teahouse setting.

    The restaurant opens daily from 10.00am to 8.00pm. Last order: 7pm.

    Special feature:
    Private dining area for 15 people (e-mail [email protected] or call 6360 8560 for reservations)

Singapore Zoo - World's Best Rainforest Zoo

For 40 years, Singapore Zoo has been known to have among the most beautiful settings in the world, where animals roam freely in open and natural habitats. Covering 26 hectares, the park is home to over 2,800 animals representing over 300 species.

Singapore Zoo was named Best Leisure Attraction Experience in the 22nd Singapore Tourism Awards in 2008. This accolade is its ninth win since the award category was introduced in 1985.

As Singapore’s premier leisure venue, Singapore Zoo receives over 1.7 million visitors annually. With that, the park will continue to ensure its service quality; product offerings and physical surroundings adhere to world-class standards.

Singapore Zoo boasts the world’s first free-ranging orang utan habitat in a zoo. This environment showcases the charismatic apes, which are the Zoo’s flagship species, in natural surroundings. Guests also get a vantage point along a raised boardwalk.

Other not-to-be missed highlights include Fragile Forest and Elephants of Asia, both of which offer educational elements such as interpretive signages and discovery stations. Australian Outback and the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia are other fascinating areas to be discovered where guests are immersed in habitats representing the respective geographical region.

Another significant breakthrough was the opening of the Wildlife Healthcare and Research Centre in March 2006. The $3.6 million facility includes a viewing gallery that allows visitors to observe the animal surgery and treatment areas and interactive displays that will educate visitors on the work of zoo vets.

Singapore Zoo continues to contribute to the global conservation effort with its captive breeding programmes of endangered animals. In 2014, the Zoo bred over 100 animals, many of them endangered or threatened in the wild.

As part of its efforts to transform itself from an Open Zoo to a Learning Zoo, Singapore Zoo also has a myriad of educational programmes that cater to both local and overseas student groups of between 30 to 200 persons. These range from day and night camps, behind-the-scenes and specially guided tours, workshops to wildlife publications. In addition, worksheets are also distributed to students to further enrich them when they visit the Zoo on school trips.

A popular treat for most visitors to Singapore Zoo is Jungle Breakfast with Wildlife. This programme allows guests to dine whilst enjoying the company of the Zoo’s icons – the orang utans. Other food outlets available include Ah Meng Kitchen, Ah Meng Restaurant, Casa Italia Italian Gelato, Chawang Bistro, Inuka Café, and Wild Deli.