Regionally extinct in Myanmar
Females lay their eggs in nests dug into sandy riverbanks. Though they remain in the water in the day, they visit and guard the eggs at night, throughout the incubation period of 60-80 days. They get very territorial near the nest, but will tolerate other females nesting nearby. The mother, sometimes the father as well, may help uncover the nest during hatching. Due to their unique snout and teeth, they may not be able to help their babies hatch or pick them up.
In the span of 60 years, their population has plummeted 98%. Since the 1970s, much money and effort has been spent on the reintroduction of gharials, with scant success. Besides the gharial, other freshwater species like the Ganges river dolphin, mugger crocodile and mahseer are also on the decline.