About the Parks
Our parks are evolving from being "Viewing" parks to "Learning" parks; leisure attractions providing an experiential learning experience for visitors as they learn more about animals, birds, plants and the environment through sight and sounds, and to gain awareness on the need for conservation of wildlife.
Jurong Bird Park - Where Colour Lives
Opened in 1971, Jurong Bird Park is Asia’s largest bird park, offering a 20.2-hectare hillside haven for more than 5,000 birds over 380 species. Committed to its efforts in conservation and exhibiting birds in naturalistic settings, the Bird Park creates simulated natural habitats from the grasslands of Africa to the rainforests of South America for different bird species.
The park provides opportunities for those interested in wildlife to enhance their understanding of the avian world through interactive bird-feeding encounters and world-class bird shows, all of which draw over 900,000 visitors annually.
Other not-to-be missed highlights include African Waterfall Aviary, the hornbill and toucan exhibit, Penguin Coast, Macaw Island, Flamingo Lake and Heliconia Repository.
In Asia Pacific, this is the only bird park with an Avian Hospital. It has a Breeding and Research Centre tasked to ensure the welfare, breeding and promulgation of birdlife and is also a designated rescued avian centre.
Birdz of Play, the newest playground for children promises a splashing good time, with wet and dry zones for little ones to have a fun run in.
A collaborative study between Jurong Bird Park, NParks and Singapore Avian Conservation Project was initiated in 2005 with the intention to study breeding and conservation of these birds in the Bird Park and on Pulau Ubin. With the knowledge gained from observing these birds in the Bird Park, artificial nest boxes were introduced to Pulau Ubin, which greatly increased the breeding of the Oriental pied hornbills on Pulau Ubin. During the length of the project which took 5 years, Oriental pied hornbill numbers in the wild increased from around 10 individuals to 50 individuals.
The Bali mynah project aims to increase the number of Bali mynahs in Nusa Penida, Indonesia where they originate. Jurong Bird Park had sent three birds to the island, which increased the genetic pool at their breeding centre. All the progenies will be released at Nusa Penida, which will eventually increase the population of these birds.
The Bird Discovery Centre is a ‘living classroom’ for visitors to learn more about the avian world, from the life stages of a bird to exploring how birds command mastery of the sky. Additionally, the park has a variety of educational programmes for students of all ages. These comprise of day trips, overnight camps, behind-the-scenes tours, workshops and wildlife publications.
Night Safari - The World's First
Opened in 1994, Night Safari is the world’s first safari park for nocturnal animals. It spans 35 hectares of secondary forest and is home to over 2,500 animals of over 130 species, of which 38% are threatened.
Night Safari, a 10-time winner of Best Attraction category awarded by Singapore Tourism Board, receives over 1.1 million visitors annually, luring visitors with its world class service quality, product offerings and physical surroundings.
Night Safari’s iconic animal is Asian bull elephant Chawang, who has sired four calves thus far. Through successful breeding programmes like these, the park hopes to continue contributing to the overall global population of Asian elephants. Visitors will be able to view the majestic tusker via tram.
In addition, visitors can dine at Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant. Opened in November 2006, the 600-seater restaurant evokes a kampong (traditional village) feel among diners and offers both al fresco or indoor dining, buffet or a la carte.
The park’s award-winning Gourmet Safari Express, in which visitors dine onboard a tram traversing Night Safari, is a Gold Award winner in the prestigious International Festivals and Events World Forum (IFEA) Pinnacles Awards 2001.
River Safari - Asia's First and Only River-Themed Wildlife Park
River Safari is Asia’s first and only river-themed wildlife park, and is the newest addition to Wildlife Reserves Singapore’s portfolio of award-winning parks. Occupying 12 hectares, it houses one of the world’s largest collections of freshwater animals. The park is home to over 150 plant species and 5,000 animal specimens, including 42 endangered species.
Animal attractions in the park include river giants and megafishes such as the giant river otter, giant salamander, giant freshwater stingray and the critically endangered Mekong giant catfish, all housed in themed exhibits representing each river zone. River Safari is also home to a pair of giant pandas that resides in a climate-controlled exhibit along the Yangtze River zone.
Visitors can enjoy an immersive experience into the world of rivers and the wildlife they support, and appreciate the importance of freshwater ecosystem conservation.
Main Galleries and Special Exhibits
Education and Conservation
River Safari will play an important role in global captive breeding programmes, ensuring the long-term survival of endangered and threatened species such as the manatee and the giant river otter. Through captive breeding programmes, the park hopes to contribute to the population of endangered freshwater species. The park is also involved in research initiatives, such as a tagging and tracking project for giant freshwater stingrays in Thailand, to contribute to the conservation of endangered animal species.
A dynamic range of interactive in-park activities such as enrichment programmes, interdisciplinary trails and workshops that enliven the learning experience for both teachers and students will soon be available at River Safari. Set within River Safari, these immersive programmes engage the senses and are filled with various hands-on activities to make learning an enthralling journey.
Conceptualisation and Design
The idea of the Amazon Flooded Forest was developed – a place that would give visitors a breathtaking view of the underwater forest and its wildlife inhabitants. As a result of extensive research and various study trips to aquariums all over the world, the idea grew to include other iconic rivers of the world, and eventually evolved into River Safari in 2006, with the inclusion of a boat ride and greater emphasis on river eco-systems and cultures.
The park is designed to recreate the sights and sounds of each river zone from exhibit design to the represented animal collection to help visitors learn about the cultures and wildlife, and to inspire them to contribute to conservation efforts.
The park is designed and developed with utmost concern for the environment, particularly the Mandai Nature Reserve area where it is situated. River Safari brings together the best in zoological architecture and design, with state-of-the-art exhibit artistry and technology. Every exhibit design surpasses standards set by the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.
As the park is situated by the Seletar Reservoir, one of Singapore’s water catchment areas, architects and engineers had to take care to avoid any potential disruption to water supply. Control measures were put in place to ensure minimal soil erosion and to manage steep terrains.
At the same time, mitigating measures were required to minimise disruption to existing habitats around the area. The welfare of existing inhabitants in the area was of utmost priority. Green corridors for such wild animals were created and maintained.
Part of the many engineering features was the construction of bioswales, which are landscape drainways integrated into urban landscape design. They are designed to collect rainwater runoff from roofs and footpaths. Impurities in the rainwater are removed when it passes through plants and soil. Bioswales provide clean homes for native animals such as frogs, dragonflies and other aquatic animals.
Year 2013: Opening of River Safari
Rapid population growth, economic development and industrialisation have led to the unprecedented transformation of freshwater habitats and consequent biodiversity loss. Biodiversity in freshwater habitats is disappearing at a faster rate than marine and forest environments. By bringing visitors up-close to the fascinating underwater and terrestrial animals that live in such ecosystems, River Safari aims to highlight the importance of rivers to our survival. Visitors will view and learn about the flora and fauna of river habitats so they can be inspired to protect these fragile ecosystems.
*In December 2010, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2013 as the United Nations International Year of Water Cooperation, with the objective of raising awareness, both on the potential for increased cooperation, and on the challenges facing water management in light of the increase in demand for water access, allocation and services. More information can be found on http://www.unwater.org/watercooperation2013.html
Singapore Zoo - World's Best Rainforest Zoo
For 40 years, Singapore Zoo has been known to have among the most beautiful settings in the world, where animals roam freely in open and natural habitats. Covering 26 hectares, the park is home to over 2,800 animals representing over 300 species.
Singapore Zoo was named Best Leisure Attraction Experience in the 22nd Singapore Tourism Awards in 2008. This accolade is its ninth win since the award category was introduced in 1985.
As Singapore’s premier leisure venue, Singapore Zoo receives over 1.7 million visitors annually. With that, the park will continue to ensure its service quality; product offerings and physical surroundings adhere to world-class standards.
Other not-to-be missed highlights include Fragile Forest and Elephants of Asia, both of which offer educational elements such as interpretive signages and discovery stations. Australian Outback and the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia are other fascinating areas to be discovered where guests are immersed in habitats representing the respective geographical region.
Another significant breakthrough was the opening of the Wildlife Healthcare and Research Centre in March 2006. The $3.6 million facility includes a viewing gallery that allows visitors to observe the animal surgery and treatment areas and interactive displays that will educate visitors on the work of zoo vets.